Opracowanie metod wykonywania badań biomechaniki ruchu człowieka przy wykorzystaniu elektromiografii kinezjologicznej

Test methods development of biomechanics of human movement utilizing the kinesiological electromyography

  • Mateusz Kukla Politechnika Poznańska, Katedra Podstaw Konstrukcji Maszyn
  • Bartosz Wieczorek Politechnika Poznańska, Katedra Podstaw Konstrukcji Maszyn
  • Łukasz Warguła Politechnika Poznańska, Katedra Podstaw Konstrukcji Maszyn
Keywords: biomechanics of movement, surface electromyography, normalization, wheelchair


The article presents the issues concerning the development of methods for performing human biomechanics research utilizing kinesiological electromyography. The procedures concerning the selection of the location of electrodes, patient preparation for testing, conducting the experiment and the development of measurement results are discussed in detail. Selected preliminary test results were also presented.


1. Boninger M. L., Koontz A. M., Sisto S. A., Dyson-Hudson T. A., Chang M., Price R., Cooper R. A., Pushrim biomechanics and in-jury prevention in spinal cord injury: Recommendations based on CULP-SCI investigations. Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 9-20, 2005.
2. Cestelein B., Cagnie B., Parlevliet T., Danneels L., Cools A., Optimal Normalization Tests for Muscle Activation of the Levator Scapulae, Pectoralis Minor, and Rhomboid Major: An Electromyography Study Using Maximum Voluntary Isometric Contractions. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 96, is. 10, pp. 1820-1827, 2015.
3. Cooper R. A., VanSickle D. P., Robertson R. N., Boninger M. L., Ensminger G. J., A Method for Analyzing Center of Pressure During Manual Wheelchair Propulsion. IEEE Transactions on Reha-bilitation Engineering, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 289-298, 1995.
4. Ekstrom R. A., Soderberg G. L., Donatelli R. A., Normalization procedures using maximum voluntary isometric contractions for the serratus anterior and trapezius muscles during surface EMG analysis. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, vol. 15, is. 4, pp. 418-428, 2004.
5. Glaser R. M., Foley D. M., Laubach L. L., Sawka M. N., Suryaprasad A. G.: An Exercise Test to Evaluate Fitness for Wheelchair Activity, Paraplegia, is. 16, pp. 341-349, 1979.
6. Halaki M., Ginn K., Normalization of EMG Signals: To Normalize or Not to Normalize and What to Normalize to?, In: Computation-al Intelligence in Electromyography Analysis - A Perspective on Current Applications and Future Challenges, Chapter: 7, Publish-er: Rijeka, InTech, 2012, ISBN 978-953-51-0805-4.
7. Jahanian O., Schnorenberg A. J., Hawi L., Slavens B. A.: Upper Extremity Joint Dynamics and Electromyography (EMG) During Standard and Geared Manual Wheelchair Propulsion, In: Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the American Society of Biomechanics, Columbus, OH, 2015.
8. Kukla M., Wieczorek B., Warguła Ł.: Development of methods for performing the maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) test, MATEC Web of Conferences, vol. 157, p. 050515-1-05015-8, 2018.
9. Nieminen H., Taklal E. P., Viikari-Juntura E., Normalization of electromyogram in the neck-shoulder region. European Applied Journal of Physiology and Occupational Physiology, vol. 67, is. 3, pp. 199-207, 1993.
10. Sylwanowicz W., Michajlik A., Ramotowski W.: Anatomia i fizjologia człowieka Podręcznik dla średnich szkół medycznych, Warszawa 1980, Państwowy Zakład Wydawnictw Lekarskich, ISBN 83-200-0468-4.
Eksploatacja i Testy/Exploitation and Tests